News ArchiveItems 171-180 out of 331 displayed.
|Jonathan Gruber elected Fellow of the Econometric Society
Ford Professor Jonathan Gruber, along with colleagues Alberto Abadie and Parag Pathak, is one of the 16 new Fellows of the Econometric Society elected in 2016.
|Alberto Abadie elected Fellow of the Econometric Society
Professor Alberto Abadie, along with colleagues Jon Gruber and Parag Pathak, is one of the 16 new Fellows of the Econometric Society elected in 2016.
|MicroMasters in Data, Economics, and Development Policy (DEDP) Announced
J-PAL and MIT's Department of Economics has announced an innovative online MITx MicroMasters credential in Data, Economics, and Development Policy (DEDP), as well as a unique blended MIT Master's program in DEDP, which combines online learning with one semester in residence at MIT. The DEDP MicroMasters program equips learners with the practical skills and theoretical knowledge to address challenges that the poor face in both developing and developed countries. Through a series of five online courses taught by J-PAL affiliated professors and MIT professors of economics, learners will gain a strong foundation in microeconomics, development economics, probability and statistics, and engage with cutting-edge research in the field. The DEDP MicroMasters is also unique in its focus on the practicalities of running randomized evaluations to assess the effectiveness of social programs and its emphasis on hands-on skills in data analysis. While the MITx DEDP MicroMasters is open to all learners, the highly selective MIT blended Master's program will consider only students who have earned-and excelled in-the MicroMasters by successfully completing all courses and corresponding in-person exams. If accepted, students will earn MIT credit for the MicroMasters courses and will be able to pursue an accelerated on-campus Master's degree at MIT. The DEPD MicroMasters is now open for enrollment for courses beginning in February 2017. (Photo credit: Francisca de Irruarrizaga)
|Featured Research: Decoding the medical cost mystery
A unique study co-authored by Amy Finkelstein, the John and Jennie S. MacDonald Professor of Economics, and Heidi Williams, the Class of 1957 Career Development Associate Professor of Economics, provides a new answer to the medical cost mystery: By scrutinizing millions of Medicare patients who have moved from one place to another, the researchers have found that patients and providers account for virtually equal shares of the differences in regional spending. Specifically, the study finds that nearly 50 percent of the spending differences across geographic areas stems from the characteristics of patients, meaning both their basic health and their varying preferences concerning the intensiveness of medical care. The rest of the spending differences derive from place-specific factors, potentially due to disparities in provider practices and incentives. The finding could help analysts and policymakers better understand the components of medical costs, and could add nuance to the debate about possible inefficiencies in health care spending.
|Featured Research: Making a splash in health care economics
Class of 1957 Career Development Associate Professor of Economics, Heidi Williams, builds all-new data sets to answer questions about innovation and biomedical research. Do gene patents restrict or enhance medical advances? What is the effect of patent law on cancer research? To what extent does the use of medical technology drive health care cost growth?
|Olivier Blanchard elected President of American Economics Association for 2017
Robert M. Solow Professor of Economics, Emeritus, Oliver Blanchard has been elected President of the American Economics Association for 2017.
|Featured Research: Provider, improve thyself
In the developing world, a large portion of health care providers have no formal medical training. Now a new study of rural India, co-authored by Abhijit Banerjee, the Ford International Professor of Economics, shows that modest levels of medical training can improve the quality of health care furnished by those informal providers. More specifically, the study, in the form of a novel field experiment conducted in the state of West Bengal, India, shows that informal care providers are more likely to handle cases correctly and compile basic checklists of patient information after undergoing about 150 hours of training over a period of months.
|Featured Research: David Autor on tech, trade & job markets
The 21st century has been hard on American labor. Unemployment soared from a low of 4 percent in 2000 to a peak of 10 percent in October 2009. While the unemployment rate has since recovered to its current 5 percent, labor force participation and productivity have declined, and wage growth is feeble. Many blame America's labor woes (which began well before the Great Recession) on China's surging exports and rapid technological change that seemingly replaced humans with computers and robots. But economists have long insisted that trade liberalization and technological innovation were positive overall economic forces, and that disruptive costs to some workers were small and short-lived relative to total benefits for the economy as a whole. David Autor has shone a bright light on the often-downplayed costs. He and co-authors carefully analyzed the impact of technological change and import substitution on U.S. labor and found that the disruptive costs are much larger and longer-lived than previously recognized. Technology hadn't cost jobs, for the most part, but it had transformed them: polarizing the labor market into routine and nonroutine jobs, increasing the demand for higher education and contributing to earnings inequality. The "China shock," as he termed it, while positive for American consumers, had indeed inflicted severe losses on many workers. Moreover, U.S. labor market adjustment was painfully slow. His work has forced the field to re-examine the benefits and costs of trade, and to pay far closer attention to how labor markets truly respond to economic change.
|Bengt Holmstrom awarded 2016 Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel
Bengt Holmstrom, the Paul A. Samuelson Professor of Economics, has been awarded the 2016 Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel. He shares this honor with Oliver Hart of Harvard, for their deeply influential work on contract theory, including the optimal design of contracts between employers and employees. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in granting the award, notes that contracts "are essential to the functioning of modern societies," and states that the work of the two economists had been "invaluable in helping us understand real-life contracts and institutions, as well as the potential pitfalls when designing new contracts."
|Victor Chernozhukov elected Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
Professor Victor Chernozhukov is among the 213 new members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences elected for 2016. They include some of the world's most accomplished scholars, scientists, writers, artists, and civic, business, and philanthropic leaders. One of the nation's most prestigious honorary societies, the American Academy is also a leading center for independent policy research. Members contribute to Academy publications and studies of science and technology policy, global security and international affairs, social policy and American institutions, and the humanities, arts, and education.
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