News ArchiveItems 61-70 out of 358 displayed.
|Esther Duflo named chair of French Fund for Innovation in Development
Esther Duflo, Nobel laureate and Abdul Latif Jameel Professor of Poverty Alleviation and Development Economics, will chair a new Fund for Innovation, hosted by the French Development Agency. Duflo and other founders hope that The Fonds d'Innovation pour le Developpement or FID will transform the country's approach to aid, through a stronger focus on impact and funding opportunities for a broader range of researchers and organizations.
|Amy Finkelstein: Why it's so hard to cut waste in health care
During the pandemic, the U.S. has seen a significant decrease in overall health care spending, due to a steep reduction in essential and nonessential medical care that isn't related to Covid-19. Writing for The New York Times, John and Jennie S. MacDonald Professor of Economics Amy Finkelstein considers the implications and a related, broader challenge for health care policy: how can we lower spending on unnecessary health care without also reducing essential care?
|Daron Acemoglu on the current state of democracy in the U.S.
Institute Professor Daron Acemoglu talks with MIT News about the country's current political condition and the future of American democracy in light of the invasion of the U.S. Capitol on January 6 and the number of GOP members of Congress who voted not to certify the presidential election results.
|James Poterba named 2021 American Finance Association fellow
Mitsui Professor of Economics James Poterba was selected as the 2021 Fellow of the American Finance Association (AFA), recognizing his distinguished contributions to the field of finance. The AFA elects one fellow each year, based on members' nominations and a vote of the current fellows. Poterba joins several other MIT faculty members- Bengt Holmstrom, Robert Merton, Stewart Myers, and the late Stephen Ross and Paul Samuelson- in the AFA Society of Fellows.
|MIT News: Can mammogram screening be more effective?
MIT News highlights research co-authored by John and Jennie S. MacDonald Professor of Economics Amy Finkelstein and economics PhD candidate Abby Ostriker. "Screening and Selection: The Case of Mammograms," recently published in American Economic Review, suggests that targeting breast cancer screenings to high-risk groups could be more effective than recommendations based on age. As Finkelstein, Ostriker, and their co-authors note, considerations of the costs and benefits of age-based guidance often overlook the fact that healthier women are more likely to follow recommendations for early screening. This work is has the potential to benefit ongoing policy discussions related to screenings for breast cancer, as well as a range of other diseases.
|MIT News: A better kind of cybersecurity strategy
MIT News features Professor Alexander Wolitzky's research on deterrence when attacks cannot be perfectly attributed to attackers, as applied to cybersecurity. "Deterrence with Imperfect Attribution," recently published in American Political Science Review, examines scenarios in which countries are aware of cyberattacks against them but lack full information about the attackers. Wolitzky and his co-authors determine that cyberdeterrence requires a markedly different approach than conventional or nuclear deterrence, and suggest that a strategic and well-informed use of selective retaliation is more effective than retaliating too quickly or too often on the basis of limited information.
|Senior Francesca Macchiavello Cauvi receives Schwarzman Scholarship
Francesca Macchiavello Cauvi, a senior majoring in Computer Science, Economics, and Data Science, has been awarded a 2022 Schwarzman Scholarship. The Schwarzman Scholars program is designed to build a global community of young leaders who will serve to deepen understanding between China and the rest of the world. Cauvi and the other 2022 recipients will begin a one-year, fully-funded master's program at Tsinghua University in Beijing next August.
|Senior Marla Evelyn Odell awarded Marshall Scholarship
Computer Science, Economics, and Data Science major Marla Evelyn Odell has been named a 2021 Marshall Scholar. The scholarship, funded by the British government, gives exceptional American students the opportunity to pursue two years of advanced study at any university in the U.K. Odell is a widely accomplished student, mentor, and athlete, whose achievements include establishing the MIT Science Policy Review, founding MIT's Women in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science group, rowing for MIT's Division I crew team, and serving as a managing director for Amphibious Achievement, a rowing-academic mentorship program for high school students. Odell will be pursuing a MASt in mathematical statistics at Cambridge University and an MS in the social science of the internet at Oxford University.
|Anna Mikusheva recognized for outstanding support and mentorship of graduate advisees
MIT News highlights Professor Anna Mikusheva, recently honored as "Committed to Caring" for her outstanding mentorship of graduate advisees. Mikusheva was recognized for the generosity with which she gives time and advice, her deep respect for students and their ideas, and her proactive approach to connecting with students regularly, particularly during the Covid-19 pandemic.
|Economics alum Allison Thompkins (PhD '11) on finding success at MIT as a student with a disability
Alum Allison Thompkins (PhD '11) is featured in a guide to wheelchair-friendly higher education, recently released by New Mobility magazine and the United Spinal Association. While completing her dissertation at MIT, Thompkins worked as a consultant to The World Bank, analyzing a microlending program for people with disabilities in India. Thompkins' dissertation also included research on economic opportunities for those with disabilities working in the field of development economics.
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