Microlending in India: An Equal Access Possibility (Job Market Paper)[Download PDF]
Abstract People with disabilities are disproportionately represented among the poorest of the poor in developing countries. An increasingly common method of combating poverty in developing countries, providing microlending through self help groups, has been largely unavailable to the disabled. This paper reports on one of the first programs in India to provide people with disabilities access to self help groups and microlending. Between 2002 and 2004, the Indira Kranthi Patham program began over 23,000 self help groups for people with disabilities in rural Andhra Pradesh. I evaluate the effect of this program on borrowing, education, labor market, and asset ownership outcomes by comparing people with disabilities to their non-disabled siblings in treatment and control villages. The estimates suggest that the program led to increased borrowing, education, and asset ownership, while having negative to zero impact on labor market participation among the disabled.
The Long-term Employment Consequences of the Americans with Disabilities Act (In Progress)
Abstract In 1990, Congress passed the Americans with Disabilities Act(ADA) to improve the labor market opportunities of the disabled. Immediately following the enactment of the ADA, the employment rate of people with disabilities declined. However, the long-term employment consequences of the ADA have not been studied. Interest in the long-term post-ADA employment trends of people with disabilities derives from the weakening of the ADA’s employment provisions by U.S. Courts. The weakening of these provisions has decreased the cost to employers of hiring disabled employees. This paper uses variation in state disability laws and data from twenty years of the Current Population Survey to determine the long-term impact of the ADA on the employment of people with disabilities.