Collective Bargaining for Women: How Unions Create Female-Friendly Jobs (with Viola Corradini & Lorenzo Lagos)
Abstract: Why aren’t workplaces better designed for women? We show that changing the priorities of those who set workplace policies creates female-friendly jobs. Starting in 2015, Brazil’s largest trade union made women central to its bargaining agenda. Neither establishments nor workers choose their union, permitting a difference-in-differences design to study causal effects. We find that “bargaining for women” increases female- centric amenities in collective bargaining agreements and in practice (more female managers, longer maternity leaves, higher job protection after maternity). These gains do not come at the expense of women or men’s wages or employment, or of firm profits (proxied by exit). They cause women to queue for jobs at treated establishments and quit them less, both revealed preference measures of firm value, but men do not quit more. Prioritizing women in collective bargaining thus lowers within-firm gender inequality through more efficient bargaining, adding amenities highly valued by women without removing those highly valued by men.
Long-Term Effects of the Targeting the Ultra Poor Program (with Abhijit Banerjee & Esther Duflo)
American Economic Review: Insights, December 2021
Abstract: This paper studies the long-run effects of a “big-push” program providing a large asset transfer to the poorest Indian households. In a randomized controlled trial that follows these households over 10 years, we find positive effects on consumption (0.6 SD), food security (0.1 SD), income (0.3 SD), and health (0.2 SD). These effects grow for the first seven years following the transfer and persist until year 10. One main channel for persistence is that treated households take better advantage of opportunities to diversify into more lucrative wage employment, especially through migration.
COVID-19 and Remote Work: An Early Look at US Data (with Erik Bynjolfsson, John Horton, Adam Ozimek, Daniel Rock & Hong-Yi TuYe) NBER version
The Promise and Challenges of Implementing ICT in Indian Agriculture (with Shawn Cole)
Prepared for the Indian Policy Forum, 2018, Vol. 14, pp 173-240. Publisher's Version.