Driving While Hungry: The Effect of Fasting on Traffic Accidents (DrivingWhileHungry.pdf)
Abstract: I study the impact of hunger on traffic accidents by exploiting the fasting that is religiously mandated during the month of Ramadan. Identification comes from working hours not being adjusted during Ramadan in Turkey. I find that driving while fasting at rush hour is associated with a significant increase in road traffic accidents. Using existing survey evidence on fasting rates in Turkey, I conclude that hunger induced by fasting increases the probability of an accident by 25%, which is smaller than the effect of driving while intoxicated, but larger than the effect of mild sleep deprivation.
Research in Progress
Role of Informality in Forced Migration: Evidence from the Syrian Refugees in Turkey
Abstract:Policymakers often argue that not giving work permits to migrants can protect formal native employment. I evaluate this hypothesis by studying the impact of Syrian refugees on the Turkish natives’ employment outcomes. The key to my analysis is that the overwhelming majority of refugees did not have work permits and therefore could only work in the informal sector. I show that refugees lower native employment not only in the informal sector but also in the formal sector. The latter effect is partly driven by firms’ declining incentives to enter the formal sector.